The common housefly, scientifically known as Musca domestica, ranks among the most ubiquitous insects globally. It is a frequent nuisance in various settings, including homes, barns, poultry houses, food processing facilities, dairies, and recreational areas. This resilient pest thrives year-round and can complete a generation in under two weeks during the warmer months.
Houseflies lay their eggs in nearly any warm organic substance, with animal or poultry manure serving as an ideal breeding medium. Additionally, fermenting organic matter, like grass clippings and garbage, can support fly reproduction. These eggs, which are laid in clusters of 75-100, hatch within 24 hours, giving rise to tiny larvae or maggots. In 4 to 6 days, the larvae transition to drier parts of their breeding medium to pupate. The pupal stage’s duration may vary, but in warm conditions, it can be as short as three days. When the adult emerges from the puparium, their wings are tightly folded.
Houseflies become mobile as they rapidly crawl about, unfurling their wings while their bodies dry and harden. This process typically takes no longer than an hour. Mating begins immediately. An entire housefly life cycle, from egg to larva, pupa to fully formed adult, can be as short as 6 to 10 days. An adult housefly generally lives for an average of 30 days. In warm weather, two or more generations can emerge within a single month, leading to large populations.
Houseflies exhibit strong flight capabilities, dispersing widely through various means, including flying, wind currents, vehicle transport, and hitching rides on animals. However, they predominantly cluster around their breeding locations. On occasion, they may travel distances of 1 to 4 miles, although they usually stay within half to 2 miles.
Houseflies feed by means of sponging-type mouthparts. While moving between food sources, they ingest and process their food by regurgitating liquid onto it. This liquefication process is associated with the appearance of light-colored spots called flyspecks. The darker flyspecks are fecal deposits left by houseflies.
Due to their feeding and breeding habits, along with their tendency to invade homes and consume human food, houseflies can contribute to the spread of various intestinal diseases, including dysentery and diarrhea. For pest control services in Edmonton, trust Classic Pest Control Edmonton. Explore our services for effective insect control in Edmonton and around.